Turkic Kaghans and Beys

Turkic Kaghans and Beys

Many accounts about the famous ancient Turkic kaghans and beys have been preserved in history. For example, Bumyn, Muqan, Istemi, Mughan, Tobo and other khagans. In previous Saka times, each tribe had its own tribal chieftain. Sometimes, the Sakas formed tribal unions. Such unions were ruled by khans (or kings). And in the Turkic period, a new form of state called "Kaganate" have emerged. Khaganates were ruled by military leaders called "khagan" (or khan of khans). He rulled over the tribal military leaders, or "beks". Centralized Kaganates were larger and stronger than previous lose tribal unions. The largest Turkic Khaganate in history stretched from Northern China to the Crimean Peninsula.




New features

Range weapons

Horsebows and arrows

Heavier bow, larger arrowtips

Melee weapons

Spears and pikes, straight and curved bladed sabers, battle axes, maces, daggers

Appearance of single-edged blades

Body rotection

Lamellar or laminar armor

Scale armor was used before

Head protection

Helmets of Turkic type

Soft scale helmets or cast bronze helmets were used before


Wooden or iron round shields

Iron scale shields or soft leather shields of oval or recrangular shape were used before

Horse protection

Lamellar or laminar horse armor

Scale horse armor was used before


Cavalry pants, shirts, and long coats

Short cavalry jackets were used before


Made from felt or animal fur

Use of animal fur headwear is not registered before


Leather cavalry boots with heels

Heel piece was not used before

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